Technological development is likely to be the catalyst for the next wave of manufacturing capability, quality, and productivity gains. This development is characterized by autonomous robots, ultra-high precision, macro- and nano-scales, smart sensors, intelligent control, cyber-physical systems, and dynamic data processes that use massive amounts of data to drive smart machines. The aim of this special issue is to provide a venue for a wide range of researchers both from industry and from academia to share the most recent challenges and developments in manufacture-relevant robotics, manufacturing technologies, and innovative manufacturing strategies.
The deformation of blades under complex loads of multiple working conditions reduces the energy conversion efficiency. To reduce the deviation of the blade shape in practical working conditions, a combination and optimization method of blade design schemes under multiple working conditions, based on the entropy weight vague sets, is proposed. The results show that the proposed design scheme has a smaller blade shape deviation than the traditional design scheme under multiple working conditions.
This paper presents an industrial robot-aided ultrasonic thickness measurement system to meet the needs of precise and efficient wall thickness measurement of large thin-walled parts. The hardware platform of the system is established with the designed reliable and contactless ultrasonic device integrated into an industrial robot. It was experimentally proven that the proposed method has a positive significance for improving the accuracy and efficiency of thickness measurement.
This paper introduces several types of multi-engine multi-gearbox marine gearing. A total of two dynamic modeling methods are proposed to predict the coupled vibration of these systems. The dynamic models of four engines with two shafts under different working conditions are established, and the effects of coupling, speed, configuration and power loss on the system vibration are studied.
A nonlinear dynamic model of the noncircular face gear (NFG) was established. A semi-analytical approach, based on HBM and discrete Fourier transformation, is utilized to obtain the periodic responses. The results show that an increase in the eccentric ratio, input velocity and error amplitude will cause the non-rattle, unilateral rattle and bilateral rattle state in succession, and a jump phenomenon will appear when the state of the gears is transformed from unilateral to bilateral rattle.
1. A new type of MRE torsional vibration absorber (TVA) is devised. The modal analysis, the frequency tracking scheme, and the damping effect are intensely studied. 2. A transient dynamic simulation is carried out to validate the rationality of the machine structure. The magnetic circuit simulation analysis and the magnetic field supply analysis are performed to substantiate the intellectual of the TVA. 3. A special test rig is built to assess the frequency shift characteristics of the TVA.
Robots are a hot topic of research nowadays. Making robot action more accurate and faster is the direction of scholars' efforts. Based on the hydraulic quadruped robot designed by the State Key Laboratory of Fluid Power & Mechatronic System, Zhejiang University, this article discusses the lightweight design for manifold mounted on the hydraulic actuator. Through topology optimization and channel optimization, the part is lighter and the drag loss is less.
In order to improve modification effectiveness, a novel UV-assisted chemical modification (UVA-CM) strategy is proposed based on UV photocatalytic theory, which contributes to developing a novel hybrid chemo-mechanical process monocrystalline silicon. A series of comparative experiments was performed to evaluate modification effectiveness among different strategies. The results show that the liquid–solid chemical modification effect is obviously enhanced through UV advanced oxidation reactions.
The temperature distribution of a machine tool spindle is affected by its air gap. The more serious the air gap eccentricity is, the more uneven the temperature field of the spindle is. In the process of machine tool processing, the instability of the spindle temperature field leads to the decline of parts processing quality and unqualified products, which not only wastes materials, but also affects the processing process.
The paper proposed a normal contact stiffness model considering 3D topography and elastic–plastic contact of rough surfaces. The proposed model is validated using experimental tests conducted on two types of specimens and is compared with published theoretical models. The proposed model can provide a tool for efficient calculation of the contact force, deformation, and contact stiffness in engineering surfaces.
In this paper, an effective UKF-based estimation method is proposed to accurately estimate the driving states of vehicles. First, a three degrees of freedom (3-DOFs) vehicle dynamics model is established, and then a vehicle driving state estimation method is designed based on the UKF algorithm. Finally, by using CarSim and MATLAB/Simulink software, the co-simulation and validation are carried out to validate the accuracy of the proposed method under the sinusoidal and fishhook conditions.