Articles | Volume 6, issue 1
Research article
14 Apr 2015
Research article |  | 14 Apr 2015

ECAP process improvement based on the design of rational inclined punch shapes for the acute-angled Segal 2θ-dies: CFD 2-D description of dead zone reduction

A. V. Perig and N. N. Golodenko

Abstract. This article is focused on a 2-D fluid dynamics description of punch shape geometry improvement for Equal Channel Angular Extrusion (ECAE) or Equal Channel Angular Pressing (ECAP) of viscous incompressible continuum through acute-angled Segal 2θ-dies with 2θ < 90°. It has been shown both experimentally with physical simulation and theoretically with computational fluid dynamics that for the best efficiency under the stated conditions, the geometric condition required is for the taper angle 2θ0 of the inclined oblique punch to be equal to the 2θ angle between the inlet and outlet channels of the Segal 2θ-die. Experimentally and theoretically determined rational geometric condition for the ECAP punch shape is especially prominent and significant for ECAP through the acute angled Segal 2θ-dies. With the application of Navier-Stokes equations in curl transfer form it has been shown that for the stated conditions, the introduction of an oblique inclined 2θ0-punch results in dead zone area downsizing and macroscopic rotation reduction during ECAP of a viscous incompressible continuum. The derived results can be significant when applied to the improvement of ECAP processing of both metal and polymer materials through Segal 2θ-dies.

Short summary
The prime novelty of the present research is the numerical finite-difference solution of Navier-Stokes equations in the curl transfer form for the viscous workpiece flow through 2θ acute-angled angular dies of Segal geometry during Equal Channel Angular Pressing, taking into account the classical rectangular (2θ0=90º) and novel modified 2θ0-inclined or 2θ0-beveled punch shapes with 2θ0=2θ.